Today marks the 108th birth anniversary of Minocher Rustom Masani (1905-1998), popularly known as Minoo Masani. Masani was a three-time Member of Parliament and a leader of the Swatantra Party in India.


In the inaugural essay for Profiles in Courage aptly titled “Minoo Masani: The Making of a Liberal”, his long time associate S V Raju has described him as a man among those very few who kept alive the spirit of liberalism in India after independence.

Masani’s development as a thinker-philosopher and politician can best be described by the titles of different sections in S V Raju’s brilliant ode to the man and his life. To a layperson, his evolving beliefs through the years may resemble that of a flip-flopper, but upon closer examination one will find that they were of a hero. From being an admirer of the Soviet Union to being a freedom fighter, from being a socialist in 1930s to become disillusioned with Soviet Communism, from a thoughtful reconsideration of Socialism in 1940s to becoming an anti-communist crusader in early 50s, Masani never took things lying down. With the formation of Swatantra Party in 1959, his spontaneous journey to liberalism was complete.

Harold Laski, Britain’s most influential intellectual spokesman for Socialism in the interwar years and a professor at the London School of Economics where Masani also studied, was a revered figure to Indian students in England at the time such as Jawaharlal Nehru and V K Krishna Menon. S V Raju writes that while Masani too came under his spell, he was fortunate and smart enough to soon see the contradictions in Laski’s thinking and move away.

The most inspiring thing about Masani (and others like him such as B R Shenoy and R B Lotvala) is that he was independent in his thinking and listened only to reason and evidence, even in the face of extreme opposition and adversity. When he saw that something is not working, instead of being stubbornly and blindly tied to a particular philosophy and method, he questioned the assumptions and kept his eyes and ears open to find something that did. Today when the ideas of free market and classical liberalism are more acceptable and gaining currency, we would do well to meet the standards set by Masani and other liberals of planning era.

Indeed, his is a courageous profile and an awesome story of self-discovery.

Happy Birthday Minoo Masani!

Read more about Minno Masani :

Post Disclaimer

The opinions expressed in this essay are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of CCS.

Previous articleRemember, remember, the fifth of November
Next articleAn Open Letter to Aam Aadmi Party
Kumar Anand

Kumar Anand is an economist with over ten years of experience working with for-profit companies, government ministries and not-for-profit think tanks. Kumar has previously worked with National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) where he was part of the research team that assisted the Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission (FSLRC). Before joining NIPFP, he worked with Hong Kong-based Asianomics Limited, where he kept a watch on the developments in the Indian sub-continent markets. Before his present role, Kumar worked with Centre for Civil Society in New Delhi, where he created an online library of Indian liberal works to preserve and revive the rich Indian liberal and free market tradition.

Currently, Kumar leads the research team at Nayi Disha in Mumbai, where he is exploring the right set of principles-based rules that should govern a city and a nation and the ways to create a popular demand for such a change. Kumar's research interests are in Indian economic history, urban economics and public choice economics. He is a graduate of Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune.